Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
154,568
24.5% 1-year decline
US Senator
Alex Padilla
Democratic Party
US Senator
Laphonza Butler
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
31
1.9% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
22.3%
16.4% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$51,806
12.3% 1-year decline
2022 Median Property Value
$238,100
7.25% 1-year decline
2022 Employed Population
51,616
28% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA had a population of 155k people with a median age of 31 and a median household income of $51,806. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA declined from 204,777 to 154,568, a −24.5% decrease and its median household income declined from $59,075 to $51,806, a −12.3% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA are White (Hispanic) (29.5%), Two+ (Hispanic) (26%), White (Non-Hispanic) (17.7%), Other (Hispanic) (16.4%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (5.38%).

62.7% of the households in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

80.2% of the residents in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA are Taft College (619 degrees awarded in 2022) and San Joaquin Valley College-Delano (75 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA was $238,100, and the homeownership rate was 58.1%.

Most people in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA is home to a population of 155k people, from which 80.2% are citizens. As of 2022, 27.9% of Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA residents were born outside of the country (43.1k people).

In 2022, there were 1.13 times more White (Hispanic) residents (45.6k people) in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 40.2k Two+ (Hispanic) and 27.4k White (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA are Spanish (83,374 households), Tagalog (Incl. Filipino) (3,099 households), and Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages (1,778 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
66,953
Women
46.4%
77,397
Men
53.6%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 144,350 inhabitants, with 53.6% men, and 46.4% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

With the upper buttons you can add a filter by race.

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Citizenship

80.2%
2022 Citizenship
83.4%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 80.2% of Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA was 83.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA
  1. White (Hispanic)
    45.6k ± 2.9k
  2. Two+ (Hispanic)
    40.2k ± 3.35k
  3. White (Non-Hispanic)
    27.4k ± 1.95k
72.8%
Hispanic Population
113k people

In 2022, there were 1.13 times more White (Hispanic) residents (45.6k people) in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 40.2k Two+ (Hispanic) and 27.4k White (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

72.8% of the people in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA are hispanic (113k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    28,097 ± 3,693 people
  2. Philippines
    4,217 ± 1,571 people
  3. El Salvador
    975 ± 764 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA was Mexico, the natal country of 28,097 Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA residents, followed by Philippines with 4,217 and El Salvador with 975.

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Foreign-Born Population

27.9%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
43.1k people
24.9%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
50.9k people

As of 2022, 27.9% of Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA residents (43.1k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA was 24.9%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    83,374 households (57.7%)
  2. Tagalog (Incl. Filipino)
    3,099 households (2.14%)
  3. Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages
    1,778 households (1.23%)

62.7% of the households in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA was Spanish. 57.7% of the households in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,346 ± 259
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    690 ± 182
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    401 ± 177

Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.95 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA employs 51.6k people. The largest industries in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA are Farming (8,093 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,790 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (2,770 people), and the highest paying industries are Legal services ($205,111), Nondepository credit & related activities ($204,343), and Petroleum refining ($154,436).

Males in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA have an average income that is 1.27 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,473. The income inequality in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.477, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
30,572
Women
43.2%
40,162
Men
56.8%

The workforce of Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA in 2020 was 70,734 people, with 43.2% woman, and 56.8% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

51.6k
2022 Value
−28%
1 Year decline
± −28%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA declined at a rate of −28%, from 71.7k employees to 51.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA, are Miscellaneous agricultural workers, including animal breeders (8,643 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,943 people), and Cashiers (1,319 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in California (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

51.6k
2022 Value
−28%
1 Year decline
± −28%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA declined at a rate of −28%, from 71.7k employees to 51.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA, are Farming (8,093 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,790 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (2,770 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA, though some of these residents may live in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$35,374
Median earning men ± $1,968
$23,477
Median earning women ± $1,648

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($78,822), Construction ($51,810), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($49,179).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($39,866), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($34,777), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($32,780).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Y-Axis
2.57%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 17.9M people employed in California. This represents a 2.57% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 14%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in California.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in California went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 63.5% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (34.3%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.07%).

Alex Padilla and Laphonza Butler are the senators currently representing the state of California. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

California is currently represented by 52 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from California

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Alex Padilla
Senator from California3
Assumed office on January 20, 2021
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Kamala Harris, who had become Vice President of the United States.
Laphonza Butler
Senator from California1
Assumed office on October 3, 2023
Appointed to the seat following the death of Dianne Feinstein.

Alex Padilla and Laphonza Butler are the senators currently representing California.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in California over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from California

California is currently represented by 52 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for California have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA awarded 694 degrees. The student population of Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA in 2022 is skewed towards men, with 2,389 male students and 2,198 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA are Hispanic or Latino (442 and 63.8%), followed by White (161 and 23.2%), Two or More Races (43 and 6.2%), and Asian (18 and 2.6%).

The largest universities in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA by number of degrees awarded are Taft College (619 and 89.2%) and San Joaquin Valley College-Delano (75 and 10.8%).

The most popular majors in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA are Child Care Provider (88 and 12.7%), Humanistic Studies (72 and 10.4%), and General Health Services (65 and 9.37%).

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 4,587 students enrolled in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA, 52.1% men and 47.9% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 2,999 records, of which 47.6% were women and 52.4% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 72 degrees awarded
  2. 65 degrees awarded
  3. 57 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA was Humanistic Studies with 72 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 619 degrees awarded
  2. 75 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Taft College with 619 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 133 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA, which is 0.237 times less than the 561 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 442 degrees mean that there were 2.75 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 161 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 2-year ($1,104) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($4) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,125) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 2.54% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 2.77% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (32.6k), Primary Education (26.8k), and Some college (24.4k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA was $238,100 in 2022, which is 0.845 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $256,700 to $238,100, a 7.25% decrease. The homeownership rate in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA is 58.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA have an average commute time of 22.7 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA is $51,806. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA was Santa Clara County (Southwest)--Cupertino, Saratoga Cities & Los Gatos Town PUMA, CA with a value of $222,873, followed by Santa Clara County (Northwest)--Palo Alto City & Los Altos Hills Town PUMA, CA and Contra Costa County (South)--San Ramon City & Danville Town PUMA, CA, with respective values of $206,924 and $199,849.

Property

$238,100
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,814
$23,333
Median Property Taxes
±$1,225

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

58.1%
Homeownership
2022
66.7%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 58.1% of the housing units in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 63.1%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA was Santa Clara County (Southwest)--Cupertino, Saratoga Cities & Los Gatos Town PUMA, CA with a value of $222,873, followed by Santa Clara County (Northwest)--Palo Alto City & Los Altos Hills Town PUMA, CA and Contra Costa County (South)--San Ramon City & Danville Town PUMA, CA, with respective values of $206,924 and $199,849.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$51,806
Median Household Income
± $2,525
40.1k
Number of Households
± 1,751

In 2022, the median household income of the 40.1k households in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA declined from $51,806 from the previous year's value of $59,075.

The following chart displays the households in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.477
2022 Wage GINI in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA
0.479
2021 Wage GINI in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA

In 2022, the income inequality in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA was 0.477 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.417% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (77.7%)
  2. Carpooled (16.3%)
  3. Worked At Home (3.84%)

In 2022, 77.7% of workers in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (16.3%) and those who worked at home (3.84%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA have a shorter commute time (22.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.99% of the workforce in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

22.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA (31.2k out of 140k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 6 - 11, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 6 - 11.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA is Hispanic, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

91.2% of the population of Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA has health coverage, with 35.9% on employee plans, 41.9% on Medicaid, 5.74% on Medicare, 7.32% on non-group plans, and 0.414% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in California see 1240 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.12% decrease from the previous year (1254 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1132 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 244 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
1,240 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in California

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1,240 patients per year. This represents a 1.12% decrease from the previous year (1,254 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 32% under 18 years, 24.7% between 18 and 34 years, 33.6% between 35 and 64 years, and 9.74% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 50.1% were men and 49.9% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

8.77%
Uninsured
35.9%
Employer Coverage
41.9%
Medicaid
5.74%
Medicare
7.32%
Non-Group
0.414%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA grew by 19.8% from 7.32% to 8.77%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Kern County (West)--Delano, Wasco & Shafter Cities PUMA, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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