Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
158,724
2.22% 1-year growth
US Senator
Marco Rubio
Republican Party
US Senator
Rick Scott
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
26.9
2.89% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
28.4%
2.11% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$45,809
8.14% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$214,300
18.5% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
73,378
0.522% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL had a population of 159k people with a median age of 26.9 and a median household income of $45,809. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL grew from 155,282 to 158,724, a 2.22% increase and its median household income grew from $42,360 to $45,809, a 8.14% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL are White (Non-Hispanic) (55.5%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (21.8%), White (Hispanic) (5.97%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (5.71%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4.26%).

16.6% of the households in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

94.3% of the residents in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL are University of Florida (18,084 degrees awarded in 2022), Santa Fe College (3,109 degrees), and University of Florida-Online (834 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL was $214,300, and the homeownership rate was 38.9%.

Most people in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 18.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL was 2 cars per household.

Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL borders Alachua County (Outer) PUMA, FL.

About the photo: Highway in Alachua County, FL

Population & Diversity

Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL is home to a population of 159k people, from which 94.3% are citizens. As of 2022, 11.2% of Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL residents were born outside of the country (17.8k people).

In 2022, there were 2.55 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (88.2k people) in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 34.6k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 9.47k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL are Spanish (12,486 households), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (1,941 households), and Portuguese (979 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
82,416
Women
52%
76,072
Men
48%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 158,488 inhabitants, with 48% men, and 52% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

94.3%
2022 Citizenship
94.3%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 94.3% of Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL was 94.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    88.2k ± 2.13k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    34.6k ± 1.52k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    9.47k ± 966
11.8%
Hispanic Population
18.7k people

In 2022, there were 2.55 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (88.2k people) in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 34.6k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 9.47k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

11.8% of the people in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL are hispanic (18.7k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. India
    2,027 ± 1,098 people
  2. China
    1,731 ± 1,016 people
  3. Cuba
    1,293 ± 879 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL was India, the natal country of 2,027 Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL residents, followed by China with 1,731 and Cuba with 1,293.

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Foreign-Born Population

11.2%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
17.8k people
11.3%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
17.6k people

As of 2022, 11.2% of Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL residents (17.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL was 11.3%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    12,486 households (8.23%)
  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    1,941 households (1.28%)
  3. Portuguese
    979 households (0.645%)

16.6% of the households in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL was Spanish. 8.23% of the households in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,034 ± 320
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,584 ± 411
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,191 ± 348

Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.28 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL employs 73.4k people. The largest industries in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL are Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (12,701 people), Restaurants & Food Services (8,003 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (5,611 people), and the highest paying industries are Agencies, brokerages, and other insurance related activities ($158,768), Residential care facilities, except skilled nursing facilities ($126,337), and Health & personal care, except drug, stores ($100,385).

Males in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL have an average income that is 1.27 times higher than the average income of females, which is $50,081. The income inequality in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.503, which is higher than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
34,870
Women
49.8%
35,103
Men
50.2%

The workforce of Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL in 2020 was 69,973 people, with 49.8% woman, and 50.2% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

73.4k
2022 Value
−0.522%
1 Year decline
± −0.522%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL declined at a rate of −0.522%, from 73.8k employees to 73.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL, are Postsecondary teachers (4,136 people), Cashiers (2,362 people), and Teaching assistants (1,878 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Florida (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

73.4k
2022 Value
−0.522%
1 Year decline
± −0.522%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL declined at a rate of −0.522%, from 73.8k employees to 73.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL, are Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (12,701 people), Restaurants & Food Services (8,003 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (5,611 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL, though some of these residents may live in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$33,587
Median earning men ± $1,148
$29,482
Median earning women ± $1,335

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($47,025), Construction ($41,208), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($40,281).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Construction ($42,923), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($41,024), and Public Administration ($39,658).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Y-Axis
4.23%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 9.69M people employed in Florida. This represents a 4.23% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 12.6%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Florida.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Florida went to Donald J. Trump with 51.2% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (47.9%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.635%).

Marco Rubio and Rick Scott are the senators currently representing the state of Florida. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Florida is currently represented by 28 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Florida

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Marco Rubio
Senator from Florida3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011
Rick Scott
Senator from Florida1
Assumed office on January 8, 2019
Inauguration delayed in order to finish his term as Governor of Florida.

Marco Rubio and Rick Scott are the senators currently representing Florida.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Florida over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Florida

Florida is currently represented by 28 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Florida have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL awarded 22,090 degrees. The student population of Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 32,100 male students and 41,388 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL are White (11,742 and 56.3%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (4,634 and 22.2%), Asian (1,518 and 7.28%), and Black or African American (1,401 and 6.72%).

The largest universities in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL by number of degrees awarded are University of Florida (18,084 and 81.9%), Santa Fe College (3,109 and 14.1%), and University of Florida-Online (834 and 3.78%).

The most popular majors in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (2,137 and 9.67%), General Business Administration & Management (1,669 and 7.56%), and General Psychology (698 and 3.16%).

The median tuition cost in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL for a public four year colleges is $3,358 for in-state students and $15,000 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL, the percentage of applicants admitted was 24.3%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 46.8%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 73,488 (43.7% men and 56.3% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 73,488 students enrolled in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL, 43.7% men and 56.3% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 37,138 records, of which 57% were women and 43% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 647 degrees awarded
  2. 641 degrees awarded
  3. 613 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL was General Psychology with 647 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 18,084 degrees awarded
  2. 3,109 degrees awarded
  3. 834 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Florida with 18,084 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 9,365 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL, which is 0.736 times less than the 12,725 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 11,742 degrees mean that there were 2.53 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 4,634 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($3,358) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($691) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($810) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 0.617% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.539% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL in 2022 were Some college (39.2k), Bachelors Degree (30.5k), and High School or Equivalent (22.9k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL was $214,300 in 2022, which is 0.76 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $180,900 to $214,300, a 18.5% increase. The homeownership rate in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL is 38.9%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL have an average commute time of 18.9 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL is $45,809. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL was Broward County (West) Weston, Sunrise (S), Davie (W) Cities & Southwest Ranches Town PUMA, FL with a value of $132,692, followed by St. Johns County (Northwest) PUMA, FL and Broward County (NNW)--Coral Springs (North), Parkland, & Coconut Creek (North) Cities PUMA, FL, with respective values of $130,719 and $119,820.

Property

$214,300
Median Property Value 2022
±$6,462
$23,963
Median Property Taxes
±$1,243

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

38.9%
Homeownership
2022
63.4%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 38.9% of the housing units in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 40.1%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL was Broward County (West) Weston, Sunrise (S), Davie (W) Cities & Southwest Ranches Town PUMA, FL with a value of $132,692, followed by St. Johns County (Northwest) PUMA, FL and Broward County (NNW)--Coral Springs (North), Parkland, & Coconut Creek (North) Cities PUMA, FL, with respective values of $130,719 and $119,820.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$45,809
Median Household Income
± $1,505
61.5k
Number of Households
± 2,172

In 2022, the median household income of the 61.5k households in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL grew to $45,809 from the previous year's value of $42,360.

The following chart displays the households in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.503
2022 Wage GINI in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL
0.508
2021 Wage GINI in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL

In 2022, the income inequality in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL was 0.503 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.963% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (65.4%)
  2. Worked At Home (10.8%)
  3. Carpooled (9.79%)

In 2022, 65.4% of workers in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (10.8%) and those who carpooled to work (9.79%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

18.9 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL have a shorter commute time (18.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.14% of the workforce in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

28.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL (40.6k out of 143k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

91.3% of the population of Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL has health coverage, with 49.9% on employee plans, 11.2% on Medicaid, 8.09% on Medicare, 20.1% on non-group plans, and 2.03% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Florida see 1372 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.939% decrease from the previous year (1385 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1631 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 546 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
1,372 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Florida

Primary care physicians in Florida see an average of 1,372 patients per year. This represents a 0.939% decrease from the previous year (1,385 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Florida in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 18.8% under 18 years, 44.4% between 18 and 34 years, 24.7% between 35 and 64 years, and 12% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.7% were men and 53.3% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

8.69%
Uninsured
49.9%
Employer Coverage
11.2%
Medicaid
8.09%
Medicare
20.1%
Non-Group
2.03%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL declined by 1.77% from 8.85% to 8.69%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Alachua County (Central)--Gainesville City (Central) PUMA, FL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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